Chronology of Key Dates
1882 (-1904): First Aliyah, 25,000 Zionists begin to settle colonize Palestine
1897: First Zionist Congress calls for a home in Palestine for Jews. Founder of Zionist socialism, Nahman Syrkin, claims that Palestine “must be evacuated for the Jews” Creation of World Zionist Association (WZO) and the petitioning for “a home for the Jewish people in Palestine”
1898: The Second Zionist Congress
1899: Third Zionist Congress
1901: Jewish National Fund (JNF) set up to acquire land in Palestine for the WZO, only to be worked and used by Jews
1904 (-14): The Second Aliyah, approximately 35,000 Zionists settle colonize Palestine
1916: The Sykes-Picot agreement
November 2nd, 1917: Balfour Declaration: Arthur Balfour, british Secretary of State, pledges support for a “Jewish national home in Palestine” to Lord Walter Rotschild, a prominent zionist figure in the Jewish community in england.
1918: Palestine occupied by Allies under Allenby, ruled through military administration
1919: First Palestinian National Congress in Jerusalem rejects the Balfour declaration, demands independence
1921: Protests in Jaffa against large scale Zionist settling
1922: League of Nations Council approves Britain’s Mandate for Palestine. Census of Palestine: 78% Muslim, 11% Jewish, 9.6% Christian, total population 757,182
1931: Irgun (IZL) founded to support more terrorizing by the zionists of the Palestinian population.
1936 (-39’): April: Great Revolt begins against zionist colonization of Palestine and british Colonial rule. It would take the british three years to suppress the revolt, with significant support from the zionists.
1937: Peel commission recommends partition of Palestine, with 33% of the country to become a Jewish state. Part of the Palestinian population to be transferred from this state. British dissolve all Palestinian political organizations, deport five leaders, establish military courts against rebellion by Palestinians
1939: Ze’ev Jabotinsky, one of the prominent zionist leaders, writes: “…the Arabs must make room for the Jews in eretz israel.” British House of Commons votes in approval of a White Paper which plans conditional independence of Palestine after 10 years, and the immigration of 15,000 Jews into Palestine each year for the next 5 years
1947: November 29: UN adopts resolution 181 on partition of Palestine. Systematic expulsion of Palestinians by zionists is sped up, and fully executed through Plan A,B,C, and D
March 10th, 1948: Plan (D) Dalet, the zionist blueprint for the cleansing of Palestine is finalised. 18th: President Harry Truman pledges support to the Zionist colonial mission. April, 4th: Plan Dalet is launched by the Hagana. Villages along Tel Aviv-Jerusalem road colonized and residents expelled. 9th: Massacre of Deir Yassin, upward of 107 Palestinians were massacred by zionist forces. May, 3rd: Between 175,000 and 250,000 Palestinians have been forced from their homes.14th: Israel declares independence as British mandate ends, no defined borders, and no constitution. 15th: Day of the Nakba (Catastrophe). October, 29-31: Thousands of Palestinians are expelled during operation Hiram, villages colonized and destroyed.
December, 11th: UN adopts resolution 194 on Palestinian refugees right of return, blocked by Israel.
1949: IDF begins to expel villagers from settlements inside the Lebanese borders. During the year 1949 armistice was signed between Israel and Egypt, Lebanon, Jordan, Syria. Meanwhile the Israeli army continued operating for the erasure and ethnic cleansing of over 750,000 Palestinians
1950: Migration and settling of land for Jews from Arab countries begins en masse
July 5-10, 1967: The Naksa, whereby Israel expanded its colonization of land to include the West Bank and Gaza strip, and the Golan Heights. November, 22nd: Resolution 242: calls on Israel to withdraw from all occupied territories. Israel begins settling West Bank and Gaza
October 6, 1973: The October war: Israel occupies part of Egypt and retains control of the Golan Heights. 22nd October.UN Security Council Resolution 338 reaffirms the rights of Palestinians to self determination and national independence
1978: Peace treaty signed between Israel and Egypt. Operation “Litani” – Israel occupies part of Southern Lebanon
June 1982: Israel invades Lebanon in attempt to destroy the Palestinian Liberation Organization. September 16-18: Sabra and Shatila massacre where an upward of 3,500 Palestinians and Lebanese Shiites were massacred by a phalangist militia in the Sabra neighborhood and the adjacent Shatila refugee camp. The militia was closely associated with the Kataeb Party, and was actively allied, supported and trained by the Israeli IDF forces.
8 December 1987 – 13 September 1993 : The first Palestinian Intifada (uprising)
October 30th, 1991 – November 1, 1991: US convened international conference on Palestine in Madrid. Beginning the process that led to the Oslo Accords, and what the late Professor Edward Said has called “an instrument of Palestinian surrender, a Palestinian Versailles”
September 13th, 1993: The PLO and Israel sign the Oslo Declaration of Principles in White the House
1994: The Palestinian National Authority is formed, and Yasser Arafat, the PLO chairman, arrives in the occupied territories to become the president of the PNA
September 28th, 1995: Oslo II is signed (interim agreement for Palestinian control of parts of the West Bank and Gaza strip)
May 26,1996: Likud party returns to power and the first Benjamin Netanyahu government is formed
2000: Israel withdraws from Lebanon. September: The second Intifada erupts.
2002: The West Bank Wall approved; implementation began in 2003.
2005: Boycott, Divestment, and Sanctions movement is launched. Israel evacuates from Gaza settlements and military bases
2006: Hamas wins the elections for the second Palestinian Legislative Council (PLC). Israel, the Middle East Quartet (United States, Russia, United Nations, and European Union), several Western States, and the Arab states impose sanactions on the Palestinian authority, suspending all foreign aid. The siege on Gaza intensifies.
December 27, 2008: Gaza bombing – Operation “Cast Lead.” The UN and human rights organizations count more than 1,400 Palestinian deaths, of which 926 were unarmed civilians.
2014: Gaza bombing -Operation “Protective Edge.” Estimates of between 2,125 and 2,310 Gazans killed (1,492 civilians, including 551 children and 299 women), and between 10,626 and 10,895 were wounded (including 3,374 children, of whom over 1,000 were left permanently disabled. israel destroyed about 17,000 homes, and partially destroyed 30,000.
December 6th, 2017: The United States recognizes Jerusalem as israel’s capital
March, 2018: Great March of Return begins, weekly protests held against israeli settler occupation, and imposed siege on Gaza. The weekly protests continued on for a year.
July 19th, 2018: Nation state bill – recognizing israel as the homeland for the Jewish People
November 18th, 2019: The United States declare the Israeli settlements as not illegal under international law